With Dr Miriam Zemanova, I’ve just published a systematic review of 50 studies comparing student learning outcomes, when animals are harmed or humane alternatives are used, in life and health sciences education. The results clearly show that students do as well (60%) or better (30%), jointly, 90% of the time, when humane alternatives are used. There is no valid educational reason for continued harmful animal use in education and training. All such use should be replaced with humane teaching methods.
The citation is: Zemanova MA and Knight A (2021). The educational efficacy of humane teaching methods: a systematic review of the evidence. Animals; 11(1):114. https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/11/1/114